Arrange S and Open Access in Latin America: Interview with Dominique Babini

Open Access publishing is more extensive in Latin America compared to every other area for the world, and keeps growing. We sat down with CLACSO’s Open Access Advisor Dominique Babini to find out why.


Into the latest component of our show on Arrange S for medical publishing and start Access generally speaking, we meet Dominique Babini, CLACSO’s Open Access Advisor, to listen to in regards to the well-established and growing Open Access motion in Latin America.

To obtain us started, we wondered in the event that you could inform us the method that you got a part of the Open Access debate and exactly why it matters for your requirements?

Involved in Argentina when you look at the main offices of CLACSO – a system of 700 research organizations in 52 countries, primarily from Latin America – we noticed back 1998 that having our user institutions publish online may help us offer more exposure to analyze outcomes. Publishing on line would provide scholars and wider audiences with available use of journals, publications and all sorts of types of magazines from countries where in actuality the price of sending a printed variation overseas had been higher priced than printing a guide or log.

We promoted a debate on available access scholarly communications in your community, and throughout that, a no-article that is scholar-led Charge (n-APC) choice ended up being determined when it comes to change to start Access for publicly funded research. CLACSO’s catalogue has 2,953 Open Access books, and we’ve partnered with Redalyc to provide access to 933 peer-review Open Access journals today. These solutions get on average 4 million downloads a from diverse audiences, as juan pablo alperin’s research has proved month. CLACSO´s Declaration on open access to knowledge handled as a commons because of the scholarly community ended up being voted by people of CLACSO in Latin America in the 2015 General Assembly.

We got mixed up in worldwide debates because we had been invited to spell it out scholar-led no-APC/BPC options from our area, and as a result of our anxiety about proposals for APCs which, from the developing region perspective, danger perpetuating within available access the standard worldwide scholarly communications system of previous years, with communications concentrated in ‘mainstream’ journals and assessment indicators predicated on them. These journals are handled by commercial lovers with quite high and profit that is increasing covered with research cash ( is this ethical?), and shortage diverse efforts from developing areas, that has a negative effect on developing areas’ assessment systems.

Are you able to provide us with some history on Open Access in Latin America more generally? Exactly just How are repositories getting used?

The key motorists of Open Access in Latin America have already been general public universities and federal government companies, with no outsourcing to commercial writers, as described when you look at the UNESCO-GOAP Global Open Access Portal. Publicly funded scholar-led initiatives (Latindex, SciELO, Redalyc) have actually assisted journals in your community to enhance quality, to really make the change to start Access without any APCs, and also to offer initial Open Access indicators. The primary research universities for instance the University of Sao Paulo, Mexico nationwide Autonomous University as well as the University of Chile have Open Journal Systems (OJS) portals with over 100 journals each.

A regional consortium of government offices that make centralized purchases of international journals at the national level agreed in 2017 that expanding Open Access through payment of APCs was “impossible to undertake from a financial point of view for the participant countries”, and recommended that institutions do not create grants to pay for APCs with relation to APCs.

Repositories have already been a concern for nationwide Open Access policies and legislation in your community. Nationwide legislation that mandates deposit of state-funded research outcomes in Open Access digital repositories had been authorized in Argentina and Peru in 2013; in Mexico in 2014, and a bill had been introduced in Congress in Brazil in 2007 and reintroduced last year. Local government agreements also have supported the growth of repositories. The general public technology and technology agencies of 9 nations (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Chile, Ecuador, El Salvador, Mexico and Peru) consented in 2012 to build up nationwide systems of repositories in each nation to coordinate money, training, also to strengthen local cooperation through La Referencia, a federated local community of repositories, which boosts interoperability agreements in your community, and its own local harvester, which today has 1,431,703 full-text peer-review articles, theses and research reports. During the level that is international Los Angeles Referencia follows OpenAIRE interoperability tips, and it is an active person in the Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR), using the services of repository networks worldwide towards an international community of repositories, and functionalities for next generation repositories.